Brands of Telavancin in Kenya
No brand is registered yet
Telavancin is a semisynthetic, Lipoglycopeptide antibiotic.
Mechanism of Action
Telavancin inhibits cell wall biosynthesis by binding to late-stage peptidoglycan precursors, including lipid II. Telavancin also binds to the bacterial membrane and disrupts membrane barrier function.
Complicated Skin and Skin Structure Infections
Telavancin is indicated for the treatment of adult patients with complicated skin and skin structure infections (cSSSI) caused by susceptible isolates of the following Gram-positive microorganisms: Staphylococcus aureus (including methicillin-susceptible and -resistant isolates), Streptococcus pyogenes, Streptococcus agalactiae, Streptococcus anginosus group (includes S. anginosus, S. intermedius, and S. constellatus), or Enterococcus faecalis (vancomycin-susceptible isolates only).
Telavancin is indicated for the treatment of adult patients with hospital-acquired and ventilator-associated bacterial pneumonia (HABP/VABP), caused by susceptible isolates of Staphylococcus aureus (both methicillin-susceptible and -resistant isolates). Telavancin should be reserved for use when alternative treatments are not suitable.
To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of Telavancin and other antibacterial drugs, Telavancin should be used only to treat infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by susceptible bacteria. When culture and susceptibility information are available, they should be considered in selecting or modifying antibacterial therapy. In the absence of such data, local epidemiology and susceptibility patterns may contribute to the empiric selection of therapy.
Intravenous Unfractionated Heparin Sodium
Use of intravenous unfractionated heparin sodium is contraindicated with Telavancin administration because the activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) test results are expected to be artificially prolonged for 0 to 18 hours after Telavancin administration
Known Hypersensitivity to Telavancin
Telavancin is contraindicated in patients with known hypersensitivity to telavancin.
Drug-Laboratory Test Interactions
Effects of Telavancin on Coagulation Test Parameters
Telavancin binds to the artificial phospholipid surfaces added to common anticoagulation tests, thereby interfering with the ability of the coagulation complexes to assemble on the surface of the phospholipids and promote clotting These effects appear to depend on the type of reagents used in commercially available assays. Thus, when measured shortly after completion of an infusion of Telavancin, increases in the PT, INR, aPTT, and ACT have been observed. These effects dissipate over time, as plasma concentrations of telavancin decrease.
Urine Protein Tests
Telavancin interferes with urine qualitative dipstick protein assays, as well as quantitative dye methods (e.g., pyrogallol red-molybdate). However, microalbumin assays are not affected and can be used to monitor urinary protein excretion during Telavancin treatment.
ADVERSE DRUG REACTIONS
The following serious adverse reactions are also discussed elsewhere in the labeling:
In both the HABP/VABP trials and the cSSSI trials, renal adverse events were more likely to occur in patients with baseline comorbidities known to predispose patients to kidney dysfunction (pre-existing renal disease, diabetes mellitus, congestive heart failure, or hypertension). The renal adverse event rates were also higher in patients who received concomitant medications known to affect kidney function (e.g., non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, ACE inhibitors, and loop diuretics).
Telavancin is a lipoglycopeptide antibacterial agent and should be administered over a period of 60 minutes to reduce the risk of infusion-related reactions. Rapid intravenous infusions of the glycopeptide class of antimicrobial agents can cause “Red-man Syndrome”-like reactions including: flushing of the upper body, urticaria, pruritus, or rash. Stopping or slowing the infusion may result in cessation of these reactions.
Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea
Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea (CDAD) has been reported with nearly all antibacterial agents and may range in severity from mild diarrhea to fatal colitis. Treatment with antibacterial agents alters the flora of the colon and may permit overgrowth of C. difficile.
Reporting of suspected adverse reactions:
The PPB Department of Pharmacovigilance was set up with a vision to develop, implement and continuously upgrade an appropriate system for detecting, reporting, and monitoring adverse drug reactions (ADRs) and other relevant problems with medicines in Kenya. The department strives to ensure the safety and efficacy of pharmaceutical products in Kenya.
Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorization of the medicinal product are important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals/ Patients are encouraged to report any suspected adverse reactions via Pharmacovigilance Yellow Form, email@example.com or clicking below button:
Telavancin in Kenya
Telavancin in Kenya
Telavancin in Kenya
Telavancin in Kenya
Clinical | Pharmacokinetic data
Pregnancy Category: C (Risk not ruled out)
Routes of Administration: Intravenous
Bioavailability: Not Available
Protein Binding: 90%, mostly to albumin
Metabolosim: Not Available
Onset of Action: N/A
Elimination Half life: 9 hours
Excretion: 76% in urine,
Legal Status | Dosage forms & Strengths
Prescription only Medicine (POM) , ℞-only
Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances (Control ) Act Schedule:
This Drug is not Subject to DDA drugs Act
Dosage Forms | Strengths:
|CompTox Dashboard (EPA)|
- Saravolatz, Louis D., Gary E. Stein, and Leonard B. Johnson. “Telavancin: a novel lipoglycopeptide.” Clinical infectious diseases 49.12 (2009): 1908-1914.
- Higgins, Deborah L., et al. “Telavancin, a multifunctional lipoglycopeptide, disrupts both cell wall synthesis and cell membrane integrity in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.” Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy 49.3 (2005): 1127-1134.