Relebactam is a diazabicyclooctane beta-lactamase inhibitor, similar in structure to [avibactam]. It includes a piperidine ring which reduces export from bacterial cells by producing a positive charge. It is currently available in a combination product which includes [imipenem] and [cilastatin] to treat complicated urinary tract infections (UTIs), pyelonephritis, and complicated intra-abdominal infections in adults. It is considered to be a last-line treatment option and gained FDA approval as part of the combination product RecarbrioⓇ in July 2019.
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