Pyrazinamide

Pyrazinamide Chemical Structure : in Kenya

Mechanism of Action of Pyrazinamide:

Pyrazinamide is a prodrug that stops the growth of M. tuberculosis. Pyrazinamide diffuses into the granuloma of M. tuberculosis, where the tuberculosis enzyme pyrazinamidase converts pyrazinamide to the active form pyrazinoic acid.

Drug Label Information | Brands:

Brands of Pyrazinamide in Kenya

Macrozide® , Macleods Pharmaceuticals Limited
PZA®, Cosmos Limited
Pyrazina®, Lupin
Pyrazinamide , Macleods Pharmaceuticals Limited

INDICATIONS:

Pyrazinamide is indicated for the initial treatment of active tuberculosis in adults and children when combined with other antituberculous agents.

CONTRAINDICATIONS:

Pyrazinamide is contraindicated in persons:

  • with severe hepatic damage.
  • who have shown hypersensitivity to it.
  • with acute gout.

ADVERSE DRUG REACTIONS:

General

Fever, porphyria and dysuria have rarely been reported. Gout

Gastrointestinal

The principal adverse effect is a hepatic reaction . Hepatotoxicity appears to be dose related, and may appear at any time during therapy. GI disturbances including nausea, vomiting and anorexia have also been reported.

Hematologic and Lymphatic

Thrombocytopenia and sideroblastic anemia with erythroid hyperplasia, vacuolation of erythrocytes and increased serum iron concentration have occurred rarely with this drug. Adverse effects on blood clotting mechanisms have also been rarely reported.

Other

Mild arthralgia and myalgia have been reported frequently. Hypersensitivity reactions including rashes, urticaria, and pruritus have been reported. Fever, acne, photosensitivity, porphyria, dysuria and interstitial nephritis have been reported rarely.

DRUG INTERACTIONS:

Pyrazinamide antagonizes the effect of uricosuric agents such as probenecid and sulfinpyrazone. Pyrazinamide may reduce the contraceptive effects of oestrogens and should be avoided 3 days before and after oral typhoid vaccination since it may inactivate the vaccine.