Metronidazole / Diloxanide

MODE OF ACTION:
Metronidazole is active against anaerobic microorganism, both bacteria and protozoa.
The 5-Nitro group undergoes a reductive transformation into active metabolites that has an inhibitory effect on the micro organism’s DNA synthesis,they also cause a loss of the helical structure of the DNA leading to the DNA strand structure breakages. Other reduction-oxidation processes are inhibited leading to the micro organism’s death.
Diloxanide furoate is a prodrug and is hydrolyzed in the gastrointestinal tract to produce diloxanide, the active ingredient. Diloxanide is a luminal amebicide, however, the mechanism of action of diloxanide is unknown. Diloxanide destroys the trophozoites of E. histolytica that eventually form into cysts.


Brands Available in Kenya:

Benagyl DF®, Benmed Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Betrozole®, Beta Healthcare International Limited
Cornizole D®, Twokay Chemicals Ltd.
Diazole® , National Pharmacy Ltd
Dilazole®, West Coast
Difil-M®, Fourrts Laboratories Private Limited
Diracip M®, Cipla Ltd
Diracip M DS®, Cipla Ltd
Dyrade M® , Lords Healthcare Limited
Dyrasun DF®, Zawadi Healthcare Ltd
Eflaron Plus®, Dawa Limited
Entamizole®, Abbott
Enterezole®, Biopharma
Furamebe Forte®, Sedico
Furazol®, EIPICO
Metodine-DF®, The Searle Company Limited
Tricozole Plus®, Lab and Allied Ltd

INDICATIONS:

This drug is used for the treatment, control, prevention, & improvement of the following diseases, conditions, and symptoms:
Amoebiasis

CONTRAINDICATIONS:

Hypersensitivity to any of the ingredients is a contraindication. Also, it should not be used if you have the following conditions:

  • Alcohol
  • Alcohol intoxication
  • The habit of drinking too much alcohol
  • Liver disease
  • Lower seizure threshold
  • Seizures
  • Tingling or pain of hands or feet

ADVERSE EFFECTS:

The following is a list of possible side-Metronidazole / DiloxanideMetronidazole / Diloxanideeffects that may occur from all constituting ingredients of this fixed-dose combination drug. This is not a comprehensive list. These side-effects are possible but do not always occur. Some of the side-effects may be rare but serious. Consult your doctor if you observe any of the following side-effects, especially if they do not go away.

  • Diarrhea
  • Fever
  • Nausea
  • Joint or muscle pain
  • Brain disease
  • Unpleasant metallic taste
  • Furred tongue
  • Gastrointestinal disturbances
  • Headache
  • Darkening of urine

It may also cause side-effects not listed here.

DRUG INTERACTIONS:

This drug may interact with the following drugs and products:

  • Alcohol
  • Anticoagulants
  • Antimicrobials
  • Ciclosporin
  • Cimetidine
  • Fluorouracil
  • Lithium
  • Phenobarbital or phenytoin
  • Phenytoin

Clinical | Pharmacokinetic data


Pregnancy Category:
Routes of Administration: Oral
Bioavailability:
Protein Binding: Not Available
Metabolosim: Not Available
Onset of Action:
Elimination Half life:
Excretion:

Legal Status | Dosage forms & Strengths


Prescription Category:
Prescription only Medicine (POM) , ℞-only
Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances (Control ) Act Schedule:
This drug is not a controlled substance under Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances (Control ) Act
Dosage Forms | Strengths:


Drug Indentifiers:



Drug Images

References/ Citation:

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