Famotidine

Famotidine is a competitive inhibitor of histamine H2-receptors. The primary clinically important pharmacologic activity of famotidine is inhibition of gastric secretion. Both the acid concentration and volume of gastric secretion are suppressed by famotidine, while changes in pepsin secretion are proportional to volume output.


Brands of Famotidine

Acicep®, Kopran
Famotidine, Teva
Famotidine, Ulcofam
Yamadin®, Beximco

INDICATIONS:

Famotidine tablets are indicated in adult and pediatric patients 40 kg and greater for the treatment of:
active duodenal ulcer (DU).
active gastric ulcer (GU).
symptomatic nonerosive gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).
erosive esophagitis due to GERD, diagnosed by biopsy.
Famotidine tablets are indicated in adults for the:
treatment of pathological hypersecretory conditions (e.g., Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, multiple endocrine neoplasias).
reduction of the risk of duodenal ulcer recurrence.
Famotidine tablets are contraindicated in patients with a history of serious hypersensitivity reactions (e.g., anaphylaxis) to famotidine or other histamine-2 (H2) receptor antagonists.

ADVERSE DRUG REACTIONS

Body as a Whole: fever, asthenia, fatigue
Cardiovascular: palpitations
Gastrointestinal: elevated liver enzymes, vomiting, nausea, abdominal discomfort, anorexia, dry mouth
Hematologic: thrombocytopenia
Hypersensitivity: orbital edema, rash, conjunctival injection, bronchospasm
Musculoskeletal: musculoskeletal pain, arthralgia
Nervous System/Psychiatric: seizure, hallucinations, depression, anxiety, decreased libido, insomnia, somnolence
Skin: pruritus, dry skin, flushing
Special Senses: tinnitus, taste disorder
Other: impotence

DRUG INTERACTIONS

Famotidine can reduce the absorption of other drugs, due to its effect on reducing intragastric acidity, leading to loss of efficacy of the concomitant drug.
Concomitant administration of famotidine tablets with dasatinib, delavirdine mesylate, cefditoren, and fosamprenavir is not recommended.
Although not studied clinically, famotidine is considered a weak CYP1A2 inhibitor and may lead to substantial increases in blood concentrations of tizanidine, a CYP1A2 substrate. Avoid concomitant use with famotidine tablets. If concomitant use is necessary, monitor for hypotension, bradycardia or excessive drowsiness. Refer to the full prescribing information for tizanidine.

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References/ Citation:

Famotidine